Pushal Negin Saffron (Mancha Saffron)
If the red color and big stigmas of Saffron are separated in form of three branches connected to each other without style (the yellow color part) from the flower, a voluminous Saffron will be obtained which is the most precious and prestigious type of Saffron and it is called Pushal Negin Saffron. Its coloring power is between 230 and 270.
Sargol (Top of the Flower/All Red ) Saffron
Sargol Saffron is the fully red color and cut stigmas (separate from each other) of Saffron in which there is no style or root and its coloring power is between 210 and 260. Sargol Saffron (high quality) can be divided into two grades depending on the coloring power, length, thickness, fracture rate and softness existing in it and it is divided into two types: :
• Super quality Sargol
• High quality Sargol
Bunch (dokhtar pich) Saffron
The red stigma of Saffron along with 3 to 5 centimeters of style connected to it twisted neatly beside each other by a thread. The coloring power of Bunch Saffron is between 120 and 150
Pushal Saffron (Straw) is in fact the red stigmas connected to each other with a 1 to 4 millimeter of style or yellow root of Saffron flower and because of presence of greater style, its coloring power is greater.
When we separate the head from the bunch, the root or white part, which in Iran is called Konj or white saffron, remains, which cannot be considered saffron. This part is known in Europe as white or white or style (cream).
Konj is not included in the category of saffron varieties. Contrary to many people’s beliefs that Konj has a more fragrant scent than sargol, scientific studies and analyses show that valuable items are hidden only in the red stigma of saffron. These substances, especially crocin (saffron dye agent), have been transferred from the stigma to the cream due to the movement in the plant tissue, but because there is more moisture in the cream, it seems that more scent is inhaled from it than from sargol. Moreover, it has received great attention due to its beautiful appearance and eye-catching color, and the fact that it cannot be considered counterfeit.